His parents divorced when he was a young child, and his father moved to Mexico. He was raised by his grandmother until he was thirteen, when he moved to Lincoln, Illinois, to live with his mother and her husband, before the family eventually settled in Cleveland, Ohio. It was in Lincoln that Hughes began writing poetry. After graduating from high school, he spent a year in Mexico followed by a year at Columbia University in New York City.
He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form jazz poetry. Hughes is best known for his work during the Harlem Renaissance.
A paternal great-grandfather was of European Jewish descent. One of the first women to attend Oberlin Collegeshe first married Lewis Sheridan Learyalso of mixed race. Charles Langston later moved to Kansas, where he was active as an educator and activist for voting and rights for African Americans.
Through the black American oral tradition and drawing from the activist experiences of her generation, Mary Langston instilled in the young Langston Hughes a lasting sense of racial pride.
After the death of his grandmother, he went to live with family friends, James and Mary Reed, for two years. Because of the unstable early life, his childhood was not an entirely happy one, but it strongly influenced the poet he would become. Later, Hughes lived again with his mother Carrie in LincolnIllinois.
She had remarried when he was still an adolescent, and eventually they lived in ClevelandOhiowhere he attended high school. While in grammar school in Lincoln, Hughes was elected class poet.
Hughes stated that in retrospect he thought it was because of the stereotype that African Americans have rhythm.
There were only two of us Negro kids in the whole class and our English teacher was always stressing the importance of rhythm in poetry. Well, everyone knows, except us, that all Negroes have rhythm, so they elected me as class poet.
It was during this time that he discovered his love of books. Relationship with father Hughes had a very poor relationship with his father.
He lived with his father in Mexico for a brief period in Hughes later said that, prior to arriving in Mexico: On these grounds, he was willing to provide financial assistance to his son but did not support his desire to be a writer.
Eventually, Hughes and his father came to a compromise: Hughes would study engineering, so long as he could attend Columbia. His tuition provided; Hughes left his father after more than a year. He left in because of racial prejudice, and his interests revolved more around the neighbourhood of Harlem than his studies, though he continued writing poetry.
Malone inspending six months traveling to West Africa and Europe.
Malone for a temporary stay in Paris. During his time in England in the early s, Hughes became part of the black expatriate community. In NovemberHughes returned to the U. Hughes worked at various odd jobs before gaining a white-collar job in as a personal assistant to the historian Carter G.
As the work demands limited his time for writing, Hughes quit the position to work as a busboy at the Wardman Park Hotel. There he encountered the poet Vachel Lindsaywith whom he shared some poems.
Impressed with the poems, Lindsay publicized his discovery of a new black poet.
The following year, Hughes enrolled in Lincoln Universitya historically black university in Chester County, Pennsylvania. He joined the Omega Psi Phi fraternity. After Hughes earned a B. Except for travels to the Soviet Union and parts of the CaribbeanHughes lived in Harlem as his primary home for the remainder of his life.
During the s, Hughes became a resident of Westfield, New Jersey. Hughes has cited him as an influence on his poetry. He did, however show a respect and love for his fellow black man and woman.
On May 22,Hughes died from complications after abdominal surgery, related to prostate cancerat the age of The HyperTexts English Poetry Timeline and Chronology English Literature Timeline and Chronology World Literature Timeline and Chronology This is a timeline of English poetry and literature, from the earliest Celtic, Gaelic, Druidic, Anglo-Roman, Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman works, to the present day.
A self-described “black, lesbian, mother, warrior, poet,” Audre Lorde dedicated both her life and her creative talent to confronting and addressing injustices of racism, sexism, classism, and homophobia. Langston Hughes James Mercer Langston Hughes (February 1, – May 22, ) was a profound American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, columnist and world traveler.
Best known as the man and voice of the Harlem Renaissance, he was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry and famously. Maya Angelou was the voice of the nation, both as an author, actress and social activist.
She was called upon by Presidents and spoke to the masses. Langston Hughes's biography and life leslutinsduphoenix.com was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist.
He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form jazz poetry. She was one of the most extraordinary artists of the twentieth century, an icon of American music.
She was the consummate musical storyteller, a griot as she would come to learn, who used her remarkable talent to create a legacy of liberation, empowerment, passion, and love through a magnificent body of works. She earned the moniker ‘High Priestess of Soul’ for she could weave a spell so.