Argumentative Essay on Genetic Testing By: Genetic testing will depreciate our quality of life and may result in discrimination, invasion of privacy, and harmful gene therapy. Although gene testing had been around and used for various procedures and breakthroughs, gene therapy had the potential to change the face of research, as we knew it. Medical scientists had finally found a way to manipulate human genes and possibly change faulty genes in an attempt to replace them in order to treat and cure diseases.
Essay about genetic testing SA Forum is an invited essay from experts on topical issues in science and technology. Last Friday the U. Since late23andMe has been known for offering cut-rate genetic testing. Spit in a vial, send it in, and the company will look at thousands of regions in your DNA that are known to vary from human to human—and which are responsible for some of our traits.
For example a site in your genome named rs can come in three varieties.
If you happen to have what is known as the GG variant, there is a good probability that you are unable to smell asparagus in your urine; those blessed with the GA or AG varieties are much more likely to be repulsed by their own pee after having a few spears at Spargelfest. At first, 23andMe seemed to angle its kit as a fun way to learn a little genetics using yourself as a test subject.
Certain regions signal an increased risk of breast cancer, the impending onset of metabolic diseases, and sensitivity to medications. And any kit intended to cure, mitigate, treat, prevent, or diagnose a disease is, according to federal law, a "medical device" that needs to be deemed safe and effective by the FDA.
Since mid, 23andMe has been negotiating with the agency, and in Julythe company finally began the process of getting clearance from the FDA to sell the kit that it had already been selling for five years. It apparently blew through its FDA deadlines, effectively annulling the clearance process, and abruptly cut off contact with the agency in May.
This left the agency with little alternative but to take action. It is a mechanism meant to be a front end for a massive information-gathering operation against an unwitting public.
Consider the case of Google. When it first launched, Google billed itself as a faithful servant of the consumer, a company devoted only to building the best tool to help us satisfy our cravings for information on the web. Every search query entered into its computers is stored indefinitely.
The company is not exactly hiding its ambitions. All the better to induce volunteers to give 23andMe the data it so desperately wants. Currently, the database contains the genetic information of some half a million people, a number Wojcicki reportedly wants to double by year end.
What does 23andMe want to do with all that data? Right now the talk is all about medical research —and, in fact, the company is doing some interesting work. Simply through brute-force pattern matching, the company has a chance of finding genetic causes of these ailments, which could lead to a way to combat them.
And perhaps a blockbuster patent or three. There is a much more lucrative market waiting in the wings, too. One could easily imagine how insurance companies and pharmaceutical firms might be interested in getting their hands on your genetic information, the better to sell you products or deny them to you.
Although 23andMe admits that it will share aggregate information about users genomes to third parties, it adamantly insists that it will not sell your personal genetic information without your explicit consent.
Back when Google was first launched, the founders insisted that the company would never sell you out to advertisers. There are a few exceptions ; the company has graciously agreed not to reveal that you are a homosexual or that you have heart disease unless you explicitly opt in.
But in matters not related to your medical conditions, race, ethnicity, sexuality, or your political or religious beliefs, there is no such guarantee. Not that your consent really matters, implicit or explicit. Google has repeatedly proven that it is more than willing to break its promises and ignore its own privacy rules when it suits.
Those of us who have not volunteered to be a part of the grand experiment have even less protection. It is possible to use the internet to identify the owner of a snippet of genetic information and it is getting easier day by day.Get these free sample essays from Essay Writer – for UK students and academics – free sample essays covering a wide range of subject areas and topics.
Genetic testing uses a variety of techniques to determine if a person has a genetic disease or condition or is likely to get the disease.
Individuals may wish to be tested based on their family history, symptoms of a genetic disorder emerging, or a concern of passing on a genetic problem to their /5(11). Genetic screening and the need to speak candidly. Discover Great Essay Examples. Let StudyMode help you uncover new ideas with free essay previews and research papers.
IRENE PEPPERBERG Research Associate, Psychology, Harvard University; Author, The Alex Studies The Fallacy of Hypothesis Testing. I've begun to rethink the way we teach students to engage in scientific research.
EnteroLab is a registered and fully accredited* clinical laboratory specializing in the analysis of intestinal specimens for food sensitivities (reactions by the immune system to common proteins in the diet) that cause a variety of symptoms and diseases.