Describe the role of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behaviour. Introduction Address the question In the psychological world, there are many different methods and approaches to the understanding and explaining of why or how people behave in certain situations. Introduce Fritz Heider Heider suggested that all people have a tendency to try to predict, understand and explain human behaviour, in terms of what causes people to behave in the ways that they do.
Plan of the Book This chapter briefly describes the 3-way pattern of race differences.
The following chapters provide more detail. Many statistics in Chart 1 come from the United States, where Orientals are a "model minority. More Orientals graduate from college and fewer go to prison.
That is much more than the number who graduate from college. Chapter 2 shows how this racial pattern in crime is found worldwide. Whites in the United States and in European countries are intermediate. Asian countries, 35 violent crimes perpeople; European countries, 42; and African countries, Chapter 2 also finds that Oriental children are slower to mature than White children while Black children are faster to mature.
This is true for the rate of bone and tooth development and the age at which a child first sits, crawls, walks, and puts on clothing. Oriental children do not begin to walk until about 13 months, White children at 12 months, and Black children at 11 months.
Chapter 3 looks at racial differences in sexual activity. Orientals are the least sexually active, whether measured by age of first intercourse, intercourse frequency, or number of sexual partners. Blacks are the most active on all of these. Once again Whites are in between.
These contrasts in sexual activity lead to differences in the rate of diseases like syphilis, gonorrhea, herpes, and chlamydia. European countries again fall in between. The races differ in rate of ovulation Chapter 3. Not all women produce one egg during the menstrual cycle.
When two or more eggs are produced at the same time, a pregnancy is more likely.
So is the likelihood of producing fraternal twins i. The number of twins born is 16 out of every 1, births for Blacks, 8 out of every 1, births for Whites, and 4 or less for Orientals.
Triplets and other multiple births are rarest in Orientals and highest in Blacks, with Whites in between. Chapter 4 is about race and intelligence.
Hundreds of studies on millions of people show a three-way pattern. IQ tests are often made to have an average score ofwith a "normal" range from 85 to Whites average from to Orientals in Asia and the U.
Blacks in the U. The lowest average IQs are found for sub-Saharan Africans -- from 70 to Chapter 4 also looks at brain size. Bigger brains have more brain cells and this leads to higher IQs.
The races vary in brain size. The Collaborative Perinatal Project followed more than 35, children from birth to seven years. Orientals had larger brains than Whites at birth, four months, one year, and seven years. Whites had larger brains than Blacks at all ages see Chart 2.Discuss two errors in attributions.
Introduction. Introduce by stating the underlying principle related within attribution theory; Humans are very social and have a need to understand why things happen and how and why people behave in certain situations.
I. Summary of A People that Shall Dwell Alone: Judaism as a Group Evolutionary Strategy, with Diaspora Peoples. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse, Originally published in by Praeger Publishers.
Chapter 1 develops the basic theoretical perspective of the book, including especially the idea of a group evolutionary strategy. Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective.
It seeks to identify which human psychological traits are evolved adaptations – that is, the functional products of natural selection or sexual selection in human evolution. Adaptationist thinking about physiological mechanisms.
Examine One Evolutionary Explanation of Behaviour A principle which underpins the biological level of analysis is that the environment presents challenges.
Examine One Evolutionary Explanation of Behaviour Discuss Evolutionary Explanations Of Discuss Two Or More Evolutionary. Abnormal psychology is the branch of psychology that studies unusual patterns of behavior, emotion and thought, which may or may not be understood as precipitating a mental leslutinsduphoenix.comgh many behaviors could be considered as abnormal, this branch of psychology generally deals with behavior in a clinical context.
There is a long history of attempts to understand and control behavior deemed.
Describe the role of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behaviour. Introduction. Address the question ; In the psychological world, there are many different methods and approaches to the understanding and explaining of why or how people behave in certain situations.