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For other uses, see Widow-and-orphan stockWidow disambiguationand Orphan disambiguation. At the end of the first paragraph, the word "lorem" is an orphan in the second sense: In typesettingwidows and orphans are lines at the beginning or end of a paragraph, which are left dangling at the top or bottom of a column, separated from the rest of the paragraph.
There is some disagreement about the definitions of widow and orphan; what one source calls a widow another calls an orphan. Orphan copy editing services A paragraph-opening line that appears by itself at the bottom of a page or column, thus separated from the rest of the text.
Donald Knuththe creator of the TeX computer-typesetting system, calls an orphan a club line. Another way to think is that orphaned lines appear at the "birth" start of paragraphs; widowed lines appear at the "death" end of paragraphs. Forcing a page break early, producing a shorter page; Adjusting the leadingthe space between lines of text although such carding or feathering is usually frowned upon ; Adjusting the spacing between words to produce 'tighter' or 'looser' paragraphs; Adjusting the hyphenation within the paragraph; Adjusting the page's margins; Subtle scaling of the page, though too much non-uniform scaling can visibly distort the letters; Rewriting a portion of the paragraph; Reduce the tracking of the words; Adding a pull quote to the text more common for magazines ; and Adding a figure to the text, or resizing an existing figure.
An orphan is cured more easily, by inserting a blank line or forcing a page break to push the orphan line onto the next page to be with the rest of its paragraph. Such a cure may have to be undone if editing the text repositions the automatic page or column break. Similarly, a single orphaned word at the end of a paragraph can be cured by forcing one or more words from the preceding line into the orphan's line.
In web-publishing, this is typically accomplished by concatenating the words in question with a non-breaking space and, if available, by utilizing the orphans: Sometimes it can also be useful to add non-breaking spaces to the first two or few short words of a paragraph to avoid that a single orphaned word is placed to the left or right of a picture or table, while the remainder of the text with longer words would only appear after the table.
Most full-featured word processors and page layout applications include a paragraph setting or option to automatically prevent widows and orphans. When the option is turned on, an orphan is forced to the top of the next page or column; and the line preceding a widow is forced to the next page or column with the last line.
In technical writing where a single source may be published in multiple formats, and now in HTML5 with the expectation of viewing content at different sizes or resolutions, use the word processor settings that automatically prevent widows and orphans. Manual overrides such as inserted empty lines or extra spaces can cause unexpected white space in the middle of pages.
Computers and Typesetting — Volume A: The Elements of Typographic Style. Hartley and Marks Publishers: A page can, however, end with the first line of a new paragraph.“Orphan” is a word or few words in its own row that end a paragraph, Examples of typographic widows and orphans.
In this example above, you can see that “widows” appear in a few places. Work with your journalists or copy editor to extend it at least to two-thirds of a column width.
A Wikipedia writing service can help with the removal of such tags.
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Widows & Orphans - Villains of Typography. Tue, there are a duo of villains known as the widow and the orphan. Take extra care to avoid these two issues, by adjusting your copy (editing the copy to add or delete words) or other parameters of the design—such as kerning.
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