JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. Scores of provocative issues are raised in this collection, among which are what was Moore doing in defending common sense, and what is Moore's contribution to philosophy? The interest in whether Moore in defending common sense was defending linguistic usage or factual truths is undercut, I believe, if, as Ewing suggests, Moore in asserting the existence of physical objects, etc.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Nihilism is often associated with the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzschewho provided a detailed diagnosis of nihilism as a widespread phenomenon of Western culture. Though the notion appears frequently throughout Nietzsche's work, he uses the term in a variety of ways, with different meanings and connotations.
Karen Carr describes Nietzsche's characterization of nihilism "as a condition of tension, as a disproportion between what we want to value or need and how the world appears to operate. Nietzsche characterized nihilism as emptying the world and especially human existence of meaning, purpose, comprehensible truth, or essential value.
This observation stems in part from Nietzsche's perspectivismor his notion that "knowledge" is always by someone of some thing: Interpreting is something we can not go without; in fact, it is something we need. One way of interpreting the world is through morality, as one of the fundamental ways that people make sense of the world, especially in regard to their own thoughts and actions.
Nietzsche distinguishes a morality that is strong or healthy, meaning that the person in question is aware that he constructs it himself, from weak morality, where the interpretation is projected on to something external.
Nietzsche discusses Christianity, one of the major topics in his work, at length in the context of the problem of nihilism in his notebooks, in a chapter entitled "European Nihilism". In this sense, in constructing a world where objective knowledge is possible, Christianity is an antidote against a primal form of nihilism, against the despair of meaninglessness.
However, it is exactly the element of truthfulness in Christian doctrine that is its undoing: It is therefore that Nietzsche states that we have outgrown Christianity "not because we lived too far from it, rather because we lived too close".
Because Christianity was an interpretation that posited itself as the interpretation, Nietzsche states that this dissolution leads beyond skepticism to a distrust of all meaning.
Rejecting idealism thus results in nihilism, because only similarly transcendent ideals live up to the previous standards that the nihilist still implicitly holds.
One such reaction to the loss of meaning is what Nietzsche calls passive nihilism, which he recognises in the pessimistic philosophy of Schopenhauer.
Schopenhauer's doctrine, which Nietzsche also refers to as Western Buddhismadvocates a separating of oneself from will and desires in order to reduce suffering. Nietzsche characterises this ascetic attitude as a "will to nothingness ", whereby life turns away from itself, as there is nothing of value to be found in the world.
This mowing away of all value in the world is characteristic of the nihilist, although in this, the nihilist appears inconsistent: According to this view, our existence action, suffering, willing, feeling has no meaning: He approaches the problem of nihilism as deeply personal, stating that this predicament of the modern world is a problem that has "become conscious" in him.
I believe it is one of the greatest crises, a moment of the deepest self-reflection of humanity. Whether man recovers from it, whether he becomes master of this crisis, is a question of his strength!
He wished to hasten its coming only so that he could also hasten its ultimate departure.Buy Nihilism: A Philosophical Essay (Carthage Reprint) 2nd Revised edition by Stanley Rosen (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store.
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Contemporary nihilism is a widespread phenomenon and one of the merits of Rosen's essay is to clarify its philosophical antecedents by analyzing some of the uses to which reason has been put in the past.
NIHILISM by Rosen, Stanley and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at leslutinsduphoenix.com - Nihilism: a Philosophical Essay by Stanley Rosen - AbeBooks leslutinsduphoenix.com Passion for books. Stanley Rosen, "nihilism; a philosophical essay" [Book Review] About us.