One major aim of the Philosophy program is to encourage clarity and rigor of thought and expression. All Philosophy courses work to empower the student to evaluate reasoning, so the student's own arguments become more precise and persuasive, and the student develops greater resistance to incorrect arguments.
But concerning the liberty that is the only cure for state-sponsored oppression, Ivan is terribly wrong. The Christ of the Grand Inquisitor advocates an idea of freedom that Dostoevsky considered an abomination.
For Dostoevsky, the problem of evil and the question of human liberty are profoundly joined: Freedom and suffering are interstitial realities, as the Grand Inquisitor understands, even if he understands them wrongly. Though he was a student of Western Christianity and culture, Dostoevsky remained fundamentally Russian in his conception of God and the world, of good and evil, of the sacred and the secular.
We cannot properly understand his treatment of these matters, therefore, until we grasp his Orthodox reading of them.
Ivan Karamazov is no straw atheist. He gives voice to the philosophical problem of evil perhaps more clearly and cogently than any other speaker or actor, any other philosopher or theologian, in the whole of world literature.
Yet he is also a very Russian atheist. He thinks with his solar plexus, as D. Lawrence might have said.
He is passionately intellectual. Ivan does not pose the question of theodicy as a philosophical conundrum, as it is often posed in the West. Mackie, the problem of evil has often been cast in bare intellectual terms: If God is God He is not good.
He is not God. If, by contrast, God possesses the sovereignty and strength to perform what He wills, then this misery-riddled world must be proof that He is deficient in love itself: He is not good.
He is not a philosophical thinker who abstracts ideas from experience in order to test their logical clarity and coherence.
Ivan is willing to face the anguish and terror inherent not only in thinking but also in living without God. As one who knows the truths of the heart, Ivan also knows that reason alone cannot fathom the deepest things.
On the contrary, reason can be put to nefarious uses: Can he love life without believing that it has ultimate meaning—believing, instead, that it is godless and absurd?
Ivan is young and strong. He brims with intellectual curiosity no less than bodily energy. He wants to travel to Europe and to learn its science and its history.
There is still an awful lot of centripetal force on our planet, Alyosha. I want to live, and I do live, even if it be against logic. It is noteworthy that Ivan makes this confession to his young brother Alyosha just after he has broken off relations with Katerina Ivanovna.
Ivan feels as free and light as the air.The Brothers Karamazov is Dostoevsky’s deepest and most complex examination of crucial philosophical questions of human existence.
In it, he addresses the conflict between faith and doubt, the problem of free will, and the question of moral responsibility. The Brothers Karamazov is one of the greatest novels of the nineteenth century, and remains the capstone of Dostoevsky’s achievement today.
Still from The Brothers Karamazov (), directed by Richard Brooks. Dmitri Karamazov believes in a miracle of divine Providence. As he says, “God knows my heart, he sees all my despair. The Existential Problem of Evil and The Brothers Karamazov - Duration: 12 minutes.
 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, The Brothers Karamazov, Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, (),  John P. Moran, “This Star Will Shine Forth from the East: Dostoevsky and the Politics of Humility” in Dostoevsky’s Political Thought, Lexington Books, (), The brothers leave the restaurant together, but then they part, each going his separate way.
Analysis In the chapter preceding "The Grand Inquisitor," Ivan struggles with the problem of suffering humanity and the injustice of this world.
I van Karamazov is no straw atheist. He gives voice to the philosophical problem of evil perhaps more clearly and cogently than any other speaker or actor, any other philosopher or theologian, in the whole of world literature.
Yet he is also a very Russian atheist. He .