That amounts to about 1. Although gender-related abuse and violence exist everywhere, the issues that come to mind when contemplating gender inequality in high-income countries are usually related to job opportunities, career advancement, or wage disparities.
Women Discrimination and Its Implication on Development: This document is a landmark convention and the most important normative instrument that aims to achieve equal rights for women everywhere in the world.
The Nigerian government became a state party to this convention when it ratified it in without reservations and signed the optional protocol in As defined by CEDAW, discrimination is symptomatic of a situation where patterns of structural inequality are maintained by rules, norms and procedures that dictate a subordinate role for women in all spheres of society.
Tell us what you need to have done now! It stresses the need for a holistic orientation which acknowledges the role of women in development and engineers their integration into development processes as equal partners with men. Our evaluation of discrimination against women shall be focused on women and inheritance, especially in Igbo community, South East of Nigeria; without losing sight on other forms of women discrimination in Nigeria.
Despite international, regional and domestic protections, discrimination persists in Nigeria. The persistence is due to structural and ideological factors.
Nigeria is a traditionally patriarchal society. Male dominant elements of Nigeria society remain strong.
Because of gender roles that assume that men are bread winners, tax benefits related to child care are restrictively granted to male workers.
Gender based norms and social roles prescribed for women e. Reproductive roles, though very important, may deter women from taking advantages of opportunities to advance careers. These disparities impact on the capacity of women to contribute to the economic growth of the country.
Access and affordability are major issues for women. HIV infection rate among females 20 years is put at 5.
Contradictory provisions in the legal system in Nigeria — Customary, Islamic and Common and subjective application of these, e. Unwritten traditional norms and family laws — widowhood rites, inheritance rights. Inheritance under the general law- received English Law and local statues; and Inheritance under customary law wills and intestate.
Basically the law recognizes two kinds of disposition of property on death- testate with will or intestate without will. The rules respecting the latter are of greatest significance to Nigerian women.
Onuoha observed that the patterns of inheritance and succession, particularly in Nigeria, have almost as many variations as there are ethnic groups in the country, and many of the variations are discriminatory in practice. While the law of inheritance and succession under English law is reasonably settled, the aspect dealing with customary law is not, which breeds conflict and acrimony among heirs.
The law discriminates among beneficiaries. Some are accorded rights of inheritance and others are not. Consequently, this customary law falls under repugnancy doctrine test and, more important, international conventions against discrimination.
The discriminatory aspect of property inheritance under customary law in Nigeria manifests different forms and scope ranging from primogeniture rules, rights of adopted children and rights of illegitimate child; although it is generally agreed rule under customary law of interstate succession and inheritance that succession goes by blood.
More of concern to this paper is the right of spouses to the property of their deceased spouses. Daughters, like wives, do not inherit under Igbo customary law.
In respect of an unmarried daughter who is not ready to take this stance, her estate is inherited by full brothers; in default, fathers.
If there is no surviving father or brother, the half brother will inherit but a sister or half sister cannot. In a situation where wife predeceased her husband, succession is as follows; the sons will inherit, failing sons, husband.
The property is shared among the children, either equally per capita or per stipes where the deceased has more than one wives.
Under customary law marriage, the widows form part of the estate of their husband. Succession rights under Islamic law are mathematically laid out in the Quran. Under the law, wives and daughters are entitled to participate in the sharing of the estate of their deceased husband or father.
Implication to Development Disinheritance of women has become one of the tools of women discrimination, especially an extended part of widowhood rites. It denies women the means of production, land and houses.How Does Gender Discrimination Affect the Workplace?
by Laura Agadoni; Updated April 13, Although gender discrimination can apply to both men and women, gender discrimination is usually aimed at women. When gender discrimination happens in the workplace, the discriminated party never reaches the level needed to .
Introduction – Women Discrimination in Nigeria Discrimination against women is defined by Article 1 of the United Nations Conventions on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women of (CEDAW) as “any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women.
This research paper explores the issue of gender discrimination in workforce and its impact on the satisfaction and motivation, commitment and enthusiasm and stress level of Gender discrimination in workforce This disparate treatment against women had implications for their morale, motivation and performance.
Uzma () found out that. Jun 29, · Gender discrimination affects a wide array of people including women, homosexuals and transgender individuals. for Gender Discrimination" 2 Implications of Gender Bias gender equality as. Jun 29, · Gender discrimination affects a wide array of people including women, homosexuals and transgender individuals.
The effects at work include low . Gender Inequality in the World and Its Implications Cornhusker Economics January 14, Gender Inequality in the World and Its Implications Worldwide one in three women will be abused sexually or will encounter physical violence during her lifetime (Human Development Report (HDR), ).